1962-1965: United Farm Workers
César Chávez and Dolores Huerta were U.S.-born farm worker activists. In 1962 they formed The United Farm Workers (UFW) to fight for decent working conditions for Mexican American farm workers. Inspired by Mahatma Ghandi, Chávez used nonviolent protest to improve the lives of Mexican Americans. Huerta, an eloquent speaker and lobbyist, was a skilled strategist for the UFW. After joining forces with Filipino workers in 1965, the UFW created an international coalition that boycotted California grapes and led to the improvement of migrant farm-worker contracts.