The Zoot Suit

Accepted neither as American or Mexican, U.S.-born youth of Mexican heritage in the American Southwest developed their own subculture during the 1930s and 1940s. The jazz-loving “pachucos”—and their female counterpart “pachucas”—conjured glamorous identities using their own dialect, called Caló, paired with distinctive, gender-bending fashion (such as zoot suits).